They had interfered with local government and spread 'the evil influence' of religion, state-controlled Tibetan media say.
Some say the move will further undermine Tibetan national identity, already weakened by Han Chinese migration into the region.
Similar Ministry of Education directives were issued in 2018 and last year.
Sources in Tibet say many more monks were arrested in the area since.
Followers believe an announcement citing 'illegal activities' was scripted by Chinese authorities wanting to reduce the centers' influence.
Concerns over this year's observance may reflect worries about ties to a ceremony in India led by the Dalai Lama.
The Tibet Policy and Support Act of 2019 passes the House Foreign Affairs Committee with bipartisan support and will next go to the full House for a vote.
The detentions follow Chinese government warnings against posting illegal content on the WeChat messaging service.
They must demonstrate political reliability and support of China's rule in their homeland, instructors say.
Anya Sengdra is sentenced to seven years for 'disturbing public order' after complaining online about official corruption and environmental abuses.
Yonten's protest brings to 156 the number of Tibetans who have set themselves on fire to protest Chinese rule in their homeland.
Representatives from communities in India, Nepal, and Ladakh say the selection process must remain in the Tibetan people's hands.
Exile sources say 24-year-old Yonten “died on the spot” and is the 156th such Tibetan protest since 2009.
Gathering in Dharamsala declares traditional Tibetan method of choosing successor “will be followed.”
Anya Sengdra had set up WeChat groups to discuss corruption, good governance, and environmental protection, likely angering authorities.
Heightened security measures follow two leafleting protests this month in Kardze's Sershul county calling for freedom from Chinese rule.
The protest follows the detention of four monks who scattered leaflets calling for Tibet's independence in a protest earlier in November.
US Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom Sam Brownback says that more pressure should be applied to Beijing over China's abuses of religious freedom in Tibet.
The monks from Dza Wonpo monastery are suspected of scattering leaflets in the courtyard of a Chinese government office.
Pema Samdup was detained in Lhasa in March, with family members never formally notified of his arrest.
China's claims of religious freedom, economic progress, and historical control are unfounded, Tibet's exile government says.
Wangchuk had shared books by the Dalai Lama and other banned material on social media, sources say.
Lhadar opposed Beijing's rule in Tibetan areas and had been placed on a police 'watch list,' a local source says.
Guarantors whose guests violate terms of their entry to Tibet face demotion or dismissal from their jobs, one source says.
Thubten Pema Lhundrub was detained five months ago, and has not been heard from after refusing to spy on other Tibetans.
Tibetans must choose their own religious leaders free from interference by Beijing, US Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom Sam Brownback says.
Geshe Jampel Lobshe, a widely respected religious leader, had trained in India as a young man and then come back to Tibet to teach.
Many jobs remain out of reach, however, with competition from Chinese applicants and required proficiency in Mandarin.
Authorities feared protests in Nepal by Tibetans opposed to Chinese rule and policies in Tibet.
The members of the Tibetan Youth Congress were arrested at various locations throughout Chennai.